Thursday , May 26 2022
Home / Yearbook nr. XXI/2020 / Anca CEAUȘESCU, Symbols and decorative motifs in the popular architecture from Oltenia

Anca CEAUȘESCU, Symbols and decorative motifs in the popular architecture from Oltenia

Anca CEAUȘESCU
3rd Degree Scientific Researcher, PhD., “C.S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor” Institute for Research in Social Studies and Humanities from Craiova, of the Romanian Academy, Romania;
E-mail: ancaceausescu@yahoo.com

Published on December 17, 2020

Abstract
Since the first stages of its existence, the dwelling has been awarded with specific signs and symbols that are based on the belief of the archaic and traditional communities on space. In the décor of the traditional architecture from Oltenia, there are met ornamental motifs that belong to the sphere of geometry, along with cosmomorphic, vegetal, zoomorphic and anthropomorphic stylised motifs. Found on certain architectural elements (porch poles, gate posts, window frames, gates, doors, etc.), they go beyond the aesthetical area and gain magical-religious significations, belonging to a traditional mentality and conception, whose roots descend far-back in history.

Keywords
traditional architecture, Oltenia, decorative motifs, symbol, traditional mentality

References:

  1. Grigore Ionescu, Arhitectura populară în România,Bucharest, Meridiane Publishing, 1981.
  2. Arhitectura românească: Tipologii, creații, creatori, Bucharest, Technical Publishing, 1986.
  3. Mircea Eliade, Sacrul și profanul, 3rdedition (translation from French by Brânduşa Prepcianu),Bucharest, Humanitas Publishing, 2005.
  4. Romulus Vulcănescu, Mitologie română,Bucharest, Academy Publishing, 1985.
  5. Mihai Camilar, Maria Camilar, Simboluri sacre în universul casei tradiționale din Bucovina, available at http://ianus.inoe.ro/M%20Camilar.htm
  6. Ștefan Enache, Teodor Pleșa, Zona etnografică Dolj, Bucharest, Sport-Turism Publishing, 1982.
  7. Gheorghe Iordache, Ocupații tradiționale pe teritoriul României, vol. 4, Craiova, Scrisul Românesc Publishing, 1996.
  8. Andrei Pănoiu, Din arhitectura lemnului, Bucharest, Tehnical Publishing, 1977.
  9. Delia Suiogan, Arta populară –formă de comunicare, in “Memoria ethnologica”, no. 26–27, January-June 2008 (Year VIII).
  10. Paul Petrescu, Georgeta Stoica, Arta populară românească, Bucharest, Meridiane Publishing, 1981.
  11. Ivan Evseev, Dicționar de simboluri și arhetipuri culturale, Timișoara, Amarcord Publishing, 1994.
  12. Nicolae Dunăre, Ornamentica tradițională comparată, Bucharest, Meridiane Publishing, 1979.
  13. Ion Ghinoiu, Comoara satelor. Calendar popular, Bucharest, Romanian Academy Publishing, 2005.
  14. Simona Lazăr, Simboluri ornitomorfe în cultura Basarabi, in “Arhivele Olteniei”, NS, 18, 2004.
  15. Simona Lazăr, Motive zoomorfe şi ornitomorfe pe ceramica culturii Basarabi, in “Oltenia. Studii și comunicări”, XV, 2004.

Check Also

Francine Hirsch, Soviet Judgement at Nuremberg: A New History of the International Military Tribunal After World War II, Oxford University Press, 2020, 560 p. (Florin NACU)

Book review Francine Hirsch, Soviet Judgement at Nuremberg: A New History of the International Military …