Thursday , May 26 2022
Home / Yearbook nr. XVIII/2017 / Gabriela MOTOI, Social Change – between the Classical Sociological Perspectives and the Sociological Theories in the XXth Century

Gabriela MOTOI, Social Change – between the Classical Sociological Perspectives and the Sociological Theories in the XXth Century

Gabriela MOTOI
Lecturer, PhD., University of Craiova, Faculty of Social Sciences, Romania;
E-mail: gabrielamotoi@yahoo.com.

Published on October 31, 2017

Abstract
In this article we have presented the most important theories about social change from the perspective of comparative analysis (XIXth and XXth century). Thus, in the first part of the article, we have presented the classical perspectives on social change, which belong to some famous sociologists from the XIXth century, who have approached this issue: Auguste Comte, Emile Durkheim, Alexis de Tocqueville, Max Weber, or Karl Marx. The common point of these theories is that they all understand social change as a social progress. This idea is no longer found in the twentieth century, where the theoretical approaches to social change are equally varied. Thus, the second part of the article presents the theories of change from four sources: the ‘Chicago School’ (William Ogburn and William I. Thomas); the neo-evolutionary theory of Robert Nisbet; the French Sociology perspective (Pierre Bourdieu and Raymond Boudon) and, finally, a more actual perspective, that of Anthony Giddens.

Keywords
social change; evolution; social progress; conflict perspective; contemporary perspectives

References:

  1. Cătălin Zamfir, Lazăr Vlăsceanu (eds.), Dicționar de sociologie, Bucharest, Babel Publishing, 1993.
  2. Henri Mendras, Michel Forse, Le changement social: tendances et paradigmes, Paris, Armand Colin Publishing, 1983.
  3. Adrian Neculau, Psihologie socială, Iași, Polirom Publishing, 2005.
  4. Thierry Rogel, La matrice de Louis Dirn: une approche du changement social à “moyenne portée”, “DEES”, 110, décembre 1997, p. 56; apud Guy Rocher, Introduction a la sociologie generale, Toronto, HMH, 1968.
  5. Auguste Comte, Curs de filosofie pozitivă, Vol. V – Partea istorică a filosofiei sociale, Craiova, Beladi Publishing, 2004.
  6. Ilie Bădescu, Istoria sociologiei. Perioada marilor sisteme, Galați, Porto-Franco Publishing.
  7. Mary Pickering, Le positivisme philosophique: Auguste Comte, in “Revue interdisciplinaire d’études juridiques”, volume 67(2), 2011.
  8. Emile Durkheim, Diviziunea muncii sociale, Bucharest, Albatros Publishing, 2008.
  9. Dumitru Otovescu, Sociologie generală, 5th edition, Craiova, Beladi Publishing, 2009.
  10. Max Weber, Etica protestantă și spiritul capitalismului, Bucharest, Incitatus Publishing, 2003.
  11. Dumitru Otovescu, Istoria sociologiei. Antologie de texte. Din antichitate și până la începtutul secolului al XX-lea, Craiova, Beladi Publishing, 2007.
  12. Raymond Boudon, Cele două forme ale individualismului metodologic, in Dumitru Otovescu (ed.), Tratat de sociologie generală, Craiova, Beladi Publishing, 2010.
  13. Éric Keslassy, Question sociale et démocratie chez Tocqueville, Paris, SCEREN-CNDP, 2004.
  14. Bernard Valade, Schimbarea socială, in Raymond Boudon (ed.), Tratat de Sociologie, Bucharest, Humanitas, 2006.
  15. Camelia N. Morariu, Mihaela D. Ignat, Conexiuni teoretice socioeconomice: teoriile schimbării sociale, in “Journal of Social Economy”, no.1/2011, Bucharest, Hamangiu Publishing.
  16. Anthony Giddens, Sociologie, 3rd edition, Bucharest, ALL Publishing.
  17. Ferdinand Tonnies, Comunitate și societate. Despre comunism și socialism ca forme empirice de cultură, Craiova, Beladi Publishing, 2016.
  18. Stefan Costea, Istoria generală a sociologiei. Compendiu, 2nd edition, Bucharest, “România de Mâine” Foundation, 2004.
  19. Benoît Godin, Innovation Without the Word: William F. Ogburn’s Contribution to the Technological Innovation Studies, in “Minerva”, 48(3), 2010.
  20. Richard T. Schaefer, Sociology: A Brief Introduction, 8th Edition, New York, McGraw-Hill, 2009.
  21. Alvin Toffler, Al treilea val, Bucharest, Politic Publishing, 1983.
  22. Ilie Bădescu, Noologia. Cunoașterea ordinii spirituale a lumii. Sistem de sociologie noologică, Bucharest, Mica Valahie, 2002.
  23. Dumitru Otovescu, Teorii și curente sociologice contemporane. Note de curs, Craiova, Beladi Publishing, 2003.
  24. Talcott Parsons, Societies, Evolutionary and Comparative perspectives, New Jersey, Prentice Hall, 1966.
  25. Pierre Bourdieu, Jean-Claude Passeron, La reproduction. Eléments pour une théorie du système d’enseignement, Paris, Editions de Minuit, 1970.
  26. Raymond Boudon, L’inégalité des chances, Paris, Armand Colin, 1973.
  27. Anthony Giddens, The Constitution of Society, California, University of California Press, 1984.
  28. Taner Çam, Mustafa Kayaoglu, Social Change from the Perspective of some Prominent Contemporary Sociologists, in “Journal of International Social Research”, no. 7(34), 2014.
  29. Anthony Giddens, Europa în epoca globală, Bucharest, Ziua Publishing, 2007.
  30. Daniel Chirot, Societăți în schimbare, Bucharest, Athena Publishing, 1996.

Check Also

Florin Gh. Gheţău, An Assumed Mission – Alexandru Marghiloman Government (March 5/18 – November 24/6, 1918), Deva, Karina Publishing House, 2016, 142 p. (Diana-Mihaela PĂUNOIU)

Book review Florin Gh. Gheţău, An assumed mission – Alexandru Marghiloman Government (March 5/18 – …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.