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Georgeta GHIONEA, Economy overview in the development of Craiova. Minority entrepreneurs (the XIXth and the first half of the XXth century)

Georgeta GHIONEA
3rd Degree Scientific Researcher, PhD. “C.S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor” Institute for Research in Social Studies and Humanities from Craiova, of the Romanian Academy, Romania;

Published on December 29, 2019

By this approach we have tried to recover, as possible, the history of some foreign entrepreneurs (Serbian, Armenian, Macedonian and Bulgarian) who activated in Craiova throughout the XIXth century and the first half of the XXth. We have chosen to point out their economic interests, topics we have met sometimes in documents, statistics and papers, and whom we consider necessary because they may outline the profile on an entire community. For some of the foreigners who came and remained in Craiova, and which we have been able to identify, until now, the information notifies the locality from where they came, the place of birth, along with their previous occupation.

Craiova, minorities, entrepreneur, trader, merchant


  1. Elena-Camelia Zabava, Antroponimia în comunităţile bulgăreşti ortodoxe din România, in “Români majoritari/Români minoritari: interferenţe şi coabitări lingvistice, literare şi etnologice”, Iaşi, Alfa Publishing House, 2007.
  2. George Mil. Demetrescu, Din trecutul Craiovei. Mahalaua Sârbilor (Mahalaua Sf. Ion), in “Arhivele Olteniei”, Old Series, VII year, no. 35/January-February 1928.
  3. Florenta Simion, Aspecte istorice şi etnologice ale minorităţilor din Oltenia. Credinţe, obiceiuri şi tradiţii, in Carmen Ionela Banţa (coord.), Minorităţile din Oltenia. Studii culturale, Târgovişte, Biblioteca Târgovişte Publishing House, 2015.
  4. Georgeta Ghionea, Formerly Jewish Entrepreneurs of Craiova, in Julian Boldea, Dumitru-Mircea Buda, Cornel Sigmirean (Editors), Mediating Globalisation: Identities in Dialogue, Tîrgu-Mureş, Arhipeleag XXI Press Publishing House, 2018.
  5. Georgeta Ghionea, The Jewish Community of Craiova. A Brief Economic Presentation, in the Journal of Romanian Literary Studies, no. 16/2019, Tîrgu Mureş, Arhipeleag XXI Press Publishing House.
  6. Meşteşugari şi neguţători din trecutul Craiovei. Documente (1666-1865), Bucharest, 1957.
  7. George Ioan Lahovari, Marele Dicţionar Geografic al României, Volume II, Bucharest, 1899.
  8. Industrie. Statistica meseriaşilor din România, in “Revista Economica”, Year III, no. 20/25 May 1901.
  9. Recensământul general al populaţiei din 1930. Neam, limbă maternă, religie, Volume II, part I, Bucharest.
  10. N. Iorga, Istoria comerţului românesc. Epoca mai nouă, Volume II, Bucharest, 1925.
  11. George Mil.-Demetrescu, Craiova în veacul trecut (începutul sec. al XIX-lea), in “Arhivele Olteniei”, Old Series, Year III, no. 13/May-June 1924.
  12. Anastase Georgescu, Craiova. Cercetări istorice, Volume I, Craiova, 1936.
  13. Gigi Orman, Din trecutul Craiovei. Cartierul Clisurean, in “Arhivele Olteniei”, Old Series, no. 37-38/ May-August 1928.
  14. Anastasie N. Hâciu, Aromânii. Comerţ, industrie, arte, expansiune, civilizaţie, Focşani, 1936.
  15. The Official Gazette (Monitorul Oficial), no. 154/7 of July 1931.
  16. Georgeta Ghionea, Greek entrepreneurs in former Oltenia, în Iulian Boldea, Cornel Sigmirean (Editors) Identities and Dialogue in the Era of Globalization, Tîrgu Mureş, Arhipelag XXI Press Publishing House, 2019.

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