Wednesday , February 28 2024
Home / Archive / Cula Cuțui from the Village of Broșteni, Mehedinți County

Cula Cuțui from the Village of Broșteni, Mehedinți County

Ileana CIOAREC
3rd Degree Scientific Researcher, PhD. “C.S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor” Institute for Research in Social Studies and Humanities from Craiova, of the Romanian Academy, Romania;
E-mail:
ileanacioarec@yahoo.com

orcid logo https://orcid.org/0009-0008-5437-3204

DOI: https://doi.org/10.59277/CSNPISSH.2023.03

Copyright (c) 2023.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

Published on December 3, 2023

Abstract
Since medieval times, in the area of Oltenia, several tower-dwellings were preserved, which remind, by their structure and construction system, of the Byzantine ones or of those from the Balkan world. They are called, by a term of Turkish origin, cula/ă (cule for plural = tower, turret). In Mehedinți County, there were quite a few cule, most of them are located in the Motru river valley. Their placement and the construction site indicate their identity and functionality: watch-tower and signalling cule, refuge and defence cule, or dwellings. Such a request was also answered by the cula from Broșteni, built by the members of Săvoiu family. It was built by Gheorghe Cuțui, called Surcel, towards the end of the eighteenth century and had, at first, the role of refuge and defense. Later, after stoves were built inside the cule, it began to be used as a permanent dwelling as well. The cula had a rectangular shape and two levels (one ground floor and one floor).

Keyword
cula, Broșteni, family Cuțui, a shape, building

References:

  1. Atanasescu, Iancu; Grama Valeriu, Culele din Oltenia, Craiova, Scrisul Românesc Press, 1974.
  2. Atanasescu, Iancu; Popescu Pavel, Culele din Oltenia cu evoluția lor până în 2010, Craiova, f.e., 2012.
  3. Berindei, Dan; Mutașcu Traian, Aspecte militare ale mișcării revoluționare din 1821, second edition, revised, Bucharest, Editura Militară, 1973.
  4. Crăciun, Gheorghe N., Monografia comunei Broșteni din județul Mehedinți, Bucharest, 1932.
  5. Creţeanu, Radu; Creţeanu, Sarmiza, Culele din România, Bucharest, Meridiane Press, 1969.
  6. Crețeanu, Radu, Culele și casele întărite de pe Valea Motrului, in “Buletinul Monumente și Muzee”, year I, no. I/1958, pp. 93-118.
  7. Donat, Ion; Pătroiu, Ion; Ciobotea, Dinică, Catagrafia Obștească a Țării Românești din 1831, Craiova, Helios Press, 1999. Mănciulescu, Cristina; Mănciulescu, Ştefan, Arhitect Rodica Măncilescu. 100 de ani de la naştere, in “Revista Monumentelor Istorice”, no. 1/2017, pp. 138–147.
  8. Protopopescu, C. A.; Jianu-Tutunaru, E., Memoria caselor. Cula Cuţui din satul Broşteni – Mehedinţi, in Studii şi articole din istoria judeţelor Mehedinţi şi Gorj, vol. II, Arad, Mirador Press, 2009.
  9. The County Department of the National Archives of Dolj, Historical Monuments Commission, file 36 cule.
  10. https://arhivacomisiuniimonumentelor.ro, file 499/1947, accessed on July 30, 2023.

Check Also

The Diary of an Officer from Craiova Participating in the First World War

Șerban PĂTRAȘCU 3rd Degree Scientific Researcher, PhD. “C.S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor” Institute for Research in SocialStudies and …