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Cula Cuțui from the Village of Broșteni, Mehedinți County

3rd Degree Scientific Researcher, PhD. “C.S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor” Institute for Research in Social Studies and Humanities from Craiova, of the Romanian Academy, Romania;

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Published on December 3, 2023

Since medieval times, in the area of Oltenia, several tower-dwellings were preserved, which remind, by their structure and construction system, of the Byzantine ones or of those from the Balkan world. They are called, by a term of Turkish origin, cula/ă (cule for plural = tower, turret). In Mehedinți County, there were quite a few cule, most of them are located in the Motru river valley. Their placement and the construction site indicate their identity and functionality: watch-tower and signalling cule, refuge and defence cule, or dwellings. Such a request was also answered by the cula from Broșteni, built by the members of Săvoiu family. It was built by Gheorghe Cuțui, called Surcel, towards the end of the eighteenth century and had, at first, the role of refuge and defense. Later, after stoves were built inside the cule, it began to be used as a permanent dwelling as well. The cula had a rectangular shape and two levels (one ground floor and one floor).

cula, Broșteni, family Cuțui, a shape, building


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  3. Berindei, Dan; Mutașcu Traian, Aspecte militare ale mișcării revoluționare din 1821, second edition, revised, Bucharest, Editura Militară, 1973.
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  5. Creţeanu, Radu; Creţeanu, Sarmiza, Culele din România, Bucharest, Meridiane Press, 1969.
  6. Crețeanu, Radu, Culele și casele întărite de pe Valea Motrului, in “Buletinul Monumente și Muzee”, year I, no. I/1958, pp. 93-118.
  7. Donat, Ion; Pătroiu, Ion; Ciobotea, Dinică, Catagrafia Obștească a Țării Românești din 1831, Craiova, Helios Press, 1999. Mănciulescu, Cristina; Mănciulescu, Ştefan, Arhitect Rodica Măncilescu. 100 de ani de la naştere, in “Revista Monumentelor Istorice”, no. 1/2017, pp. 138–147.
  8. Protopopescu, C. A.; Jianu-Tutunaru, E., Memoria caselor. Cula Cuţui din satul Broşteni – Mehedinţi, in Studii şi articole din istoria judeţelor Mehedinţi şi Gorj, vol. II, Arad, Mirador Press, 2009.
  9. The County Department of the National Archives of Dolj, Historical Monuments Commission, file 36 cule.
  10., file 499/1947, accessed on July 30, 2023.

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