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Entrepreneurs from Craiova in the Interwar Period (I)

Narcisa Maria MITU
3rd Degree Scientific Researcher, PhD., “C.S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor” Institute for Research in Social Studies and Humanities from Craiova, of the Romanian Academy, Romania;
E-mail: narcisa_mitu@yahoo.com

orcid logo https://orcid.org/0009-0007-0632-4566

DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.59277/CSNPISSH.2022.07

Copyright (c) 2022.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

Published on December 19, 2022

Abstract
In the present material, there was intended the presentation of some of the Romanian entrepreneurs who developed sole partnership businesses in Craiova, in the interwar period, as they were recorded in the archival and in different edited sources. These were owners of shops, department stores, bookstores, workshops, warehouses, factories, printing houses, restaurants, confectioneries, etc.
It is well known that any city, in order to develop, needs commercial activity, all the more so since trade, or bartering activities are generating profit. It ought to be said that the mentioned period was not an easy one for the entrepreneurs from Craiova, being known that Romania’s participation in the First World War led to the ruin or closure of some businesses, and the economic crisis affected to a large extent the majority of traders, entrepreneurs. Furthermore, the frequent changes of the political regimes, Romania’s participation to the military actions of the World War II, had repercussions on the economic activity of Craiova.

Keywords
Craiova, foreign merchants, the first three decades of the XXth century, individual firms, social firms

References:

Bealcu, A., Arta machiajului de-a lungul a 7 epoci, https://magazine.holistic-edu.ro/arta-machiajului-in-7-etape-ale-istoriei/, accessed on July15, 2022.

Mitu, N. M., Scurt istoric al spațiilor comerciale din perioada interbelică. Strada Lipscani din Craiova, in “Arhivele Olteniei”, New Series, no. 33, Bucharest, Romanian Academy Publishing House, 2019, pp. 103-116.

Mitu, N. M., Craiova a foreign investors’ attraction (the end of the XIXth -first half of the XXth century) in “Anuarul Institutului de Cercetări Socio-Umane C. S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor” no. XX, Bucharest, Romanian Academy Publishing House, 2019, pp. 101-109.

Mitu, N. M., Firme deținute de comercianți străini sau „etnici români” pe strada Unirii din Craiova, în perioada interbelică, in „Oltenia. Studii și Comunicări. Arheologie-Istorie”, no. XXVI, Craiova, 2019, pp. 382-396.

Mitu, N. M., Comercianți străini și etnici români” în perioada interbelică. Studiu de caz: Strada Madona Dudu din Craiova, in “Arhivele Olteniei”, New Series, no. 34, Bucharest, Romanian Academy Publishing House, 2020, pp. 165-176.

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The County Service of National Archives, Dolj, Chamber of Commerce and Industry Craiova Fund, Individual Firms, files no. 38/1931, 72/1931, 94/1931, 97/1931, 105/1931, 108/1931, 111/1931, 121/1931, 131/1931, 139 bis/1931, 145 b/1931, 149/1931, 150/1931, 176/1931, 186/1931, 190/1931, 192/1931, 193/1931, 194/1931, 203/1931, 214/1931, 304/1931, 390/1931, 501/1931, 626/1931, 630/1931, 631/1931, 632/1931, 638/1931, 639/1931, 641/1931, 642/1931, 643/1931, 644/1931, 646/1931, 649/1931, 653/1931, 660/1931, 667/1931, 669/1931, 672/1931, 689/1931, 693/1931, 694/1931, 699/1931, 703/1931, 704/1931, 707/1931, 713/1931, 731/1931, 734/1931, 735/1931, 751/1931, 772/1945, 795/1931, 885/1931, 941/1931, 973/1931, 977/1931, 980/1931, 988/1931, 992/1931, 993/1931, 1027/1931, 1084/1931, 1088/1931, 1120/1931, 1121/1931, 1234/1931, 1239/1931, 1493/1931, 1799/1931, 1800/1931, 1972/1932, 2226/1932, 2227/1932, 2229/1932, 2346/1933, 2459/19333, 2494/1933, 2555/1934, 2695/1934, 2802/1935, 2851/1935.

The County Service of National Archives, Dolj, Chamber of Commerce and Industry Craiova Fund, Social Firms, file no. 768/1945.

https://muzeulbucurestiului.ro/expozitia-tematica-moda-in-bucurestiul-interbelic/ accessed on July 20, 2022.

 

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