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Home / Yearbook nr. XXI/2020 / Sevastian CERCEL, The Legislative Unification of the Romanian Principalities (1859–1866)

Sevastian CERCEL, The Legislative Unification of the Romanian Principalities (1859–1866)

Sevastian CERCEL
Professor, Ph.D., Faculty of Law, University ofCraiova/ Scientific Researcher I, PhD., “C.S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor” Institute for Research in Social Studies and Humanities from Craiova, of the Romanian Academy;
E-mail: sevastiancercel@yahoo.com

Abstract
In the period 1859-1866, the Romanian Principalities carried out an ambitious program to endow the new state with modern institutions. The legal system was organized in accordance with the needs of a European state, and the adopted legislation is fundamental to modern Romanian law. The elaboration and adoption of the major codes are noticeable: the Civil Code, the Civil Procedure Code, the Criminal Code and the Criminal Procedure Code.
During a reign of only seven years, through an extraordinary political will, completed by a special vision of the needs of Romanian society, Alexandru Ioan Cuza managed to lay the normative and economic bases of modern Romania1.

Keywords
Romanian Principalities; legislative unification; Calimach Code; Caragea Code; Romanian Civil Code; Romanian Criminal Code; Procedural Codes.

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