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Home / Yearbook nr. XXI/2020 / Simona LAZĂR, The characteristics of the settlements from the beginning of the Iron Age in Oltenia

Simona LAZĂR, The characteristics of the settlements from the beginning of the Iron Age in Oltenia

Simona LAZĂR
3rd Degree Scientific Researcher, PhD., “C.S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor” Institute for Research in SocialStudies and Humanities from Craiova, of the Romanian Academy, Romania;
E-mail: simonalazar@ymail.com

Published on December 17, 2020

Abstract
First Iron Age it seems that we assist at the disappearingof vast settlements, with several levels of habitation. This fact could be explained although the climatic changes happened on the whole continent. Achieving a symbiosis between the climatic conditions, the specific of rural economy, intercommunity or distant changes, the necessity of creating some fortification systems and the existence of some power centers, some religious practices thus it is defined the character of the habitat of the discussed period.
There are few known examples of settlements in Oltenia, that have more levels of habitation and these are usually in the areas privileged with access at natural resources like the Danube’s river meadow. The hallstatian settlement from Ghidici was the only one in which two levels of dwelling belonging to the First Iron Age could be observed.

Keywords
First Iron Age, Oltenia, hallstatian settlement, the fortified settlements

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